The smallholder dairy sector offers a wide range of opportunities for enhancing the resilience of small-scale livestock-keeping populations while also increasing their efficiency and productivity and mitigating the greenhouse gas emissions from livestock that help cause global warming.
A new study carried out by scientists at the ILRI’s mazingira centre measured GHG emissions from livestock waste in Kenya. A recently published paper reveals that GHG emission factors recorded from the African livestock waste are at least ten times lower than calculations based on the simplest level of IPCC methods and data, Tier 1.
In a journal article published in June 2014, the authors explore how to account for multi-functionality within the life cycle assessment (LCA) method to assess the contribution of livestock production to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The study which was carried out in a smallholder dairy setup in Kenya was premised on the backdrop that most LCA studies allocate GHG emissions of livestock marketable inputs only, while in smallholder systems livestock provide several products and services besides the marketable products.